Enrico Fermi (dual citizenship)
In Italy there is the jus sanguinis, meaning the right to obtain the Italian citizenship (or dual nationality) if an Italian is present amongst his direct ancestors. There is no limit of generations (the ancestor could also have lived in the eighteenth century or earlier), but there are different conditions that need to be respected (for example, women transfer citizenship to children only if born after 1948, otherwise it is necessary to convene a trial). Considering the high rate of emigration registered in Italy at the beginning of the twentieth century, directed especially towards the United States and South America, many people aspire to obtain Italian citizenship. In order to apply for Italian citizenship, it is necessary to demonstrate without any doubt, that you are descended from an Italian ancestor, and to do this, you must compose your direct family tree first with the local documents and, finally, with the national ones: certificates of birth, marriage or, when not available (because they are too remote) with baptism or marriage certificates issued by the Dioceses. The documents must be stamped and signed by the competent officer or by the church of reference; once obtained, they must be submitted in original (hard copy) to the Italian Consulate of your country. The cost of this service varies greatly, and depends on "how much information" you know about your Italian ancestor: if for example, you know for certain, the year and municipality of birth. The cost of this research is variable.
Heraldry and family crest
Heraldry was born around the 11th century. It is the auxiliary science of history that is focused on the study of the families’ or institutions’ crests, and analyzes its description, which is called blazon. Starting more or less from the fifteenth century, various heraldists began to collect and draw the coats of arms of families (generally noble ones) in organic works, called coat of arms, crest s or armorial. Thanks to these works, the most important of which are kept in public or private archives, it is possible to search for the coat of arms that belonged to a given family. Crests have never been the prerogative only of the nobles, but also of guilds and craft guilds, and of anyone who wanted to adopt one: there can, in fact, also be coats of arms of citizenship or bourgeois. Together with the surname, the coat of arms, is very often another important element of family distinction. It is the emblem that distinguishes it, with the illustrated history of the surname. When the coats of arms recall directly, through heraldic figures, the family surname (eg: a lion to identify the Leone family), the coat of arms or "weapon", it is called "speaking". The heraldry search is valid for the entire Italy and can be carried out and added, as option, to each search package.